Japan and Thailand: Armchair Travel Series

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Chut thai for women usually consists of a pha nung or a chong kraben , a blouse, and a sabai. Northern and northeastern women may wear a sinh instead of a pha nung and a chong kraben with either a blouse or a suea pat.

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Chut thai for men includes a chong kraben or pants, a Raj pattern shirt, with optional knee-length white socks and a sabai. Chut thai for northern Thai men is composed of a sado , a white Manchu styled jacket, and sometimes a khian hua. In formal occasions, people may choose to wear a so-called formal Thai national costume. Thai dining etiquette refers to the traditional and proper behaviors of Thai people while eating. Since Thai society has a lot of big families, so having a meal together and sharing the food between members of the family is Thai traditional dining style.

Generally, Thais eat rice as the main food and share the rice side dishes with one another. Traditionally, in Thailand, people have a meal on the floor mat and eat the food with their right hands. The rice dishes are on the outer circle while the shared dishes are in the center of the circle with shared spoons to transfer the side dish food to their own rice dish.


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Observed and learnt western dining and he found out the fork and knife are not suitable for Thai food no need to chop anything. He introduced the fork and spoon and so began the use of cutlery in Thailand. Thais use the fork to push the food onto the spoon right hand , which then goes into your mouth instead of making the meat stable for the knife function.

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There are two main ways to serve Thai food, raad kao , individual dishes, and gap kao , separate dishes. Traditional principles concerning pregnancy and childbirth are largely influenced by folk beliefs , especially in rural areas of central and north Thailand. Modern practices follow the Western medical model. Often first given shortly after birth by friends or an older family member, these nicknames are overwhelmingly one syllable [18] or worn down from two syllables to one. Babies may be given a nickname of a relative or named for a characteristic of birth, e.

Traditionally, nicknames would relate to things of low value, e. Today this folk custom is on the decline. Though rare, sometimes Thai children are given nicknames in the order they were born into the family i. Nicknames are useful because official Thai names are often long, particularly among Thais of Chinese descent, whose lengthy surnames stem from an attempt to translate Chinese names into Thai equivalents, or among Thai with similarly lengthy Sanskrit-derived names.

In recent years, English language words have become popular nicknames. Thai Buddhist marriage ceremonies are generally divided into two parts: a Buddhist component, which includes the recitation of prayers and the offering of food and other gifts to monks and images of the Buddha, and a non-Buddhist component rooted in folk traditions, which centers on the couple's families. In former times, it was unknown for Buddhist monks to be present at any stage of the marriage ceremony itself.

As monks were required to attend to the dead during funerals, their presence at a marriage which was associated with fertility, and intended to produce children was considered a bad omen.

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A couple would seek a blessing from their local temple before or after being married, and might consult a monk for astrological advice in setting an auspicious date for the wedding. The non-Buddhist portions of the wedding would take place away from the temple, and would often take place on a separate day. In modern times, these prohibitions have been significantly relaxed.

It is not uncommon for a visit to a temple to be made on the same day as the non-Buddhist portions of a wedding, or even for the wedding to take place within the temple. While a division is still commonly observed between the "religious" and "secular" portions of a wedding service, it may be as simple as the monks present for the Buddhist ceremony departing to take lunch once their role is complete. During the Buddhist component of the wedding service, the couple first bow before the image of the Buddha.

They then recite certain basic Buddhist prayers or chants typically including taking the Three Refuges and the Five Precepts , and light incense and candles before the image. The parents of the couple may then be called upon to "connect" them, by placing upon the heads of the bride and groom twin loops of string or thread that link the couple together.

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The couple may then make offerings of food, flowers, and medicine to the monks present. Cash gifts usually placed in an envelope may also be presented to the temple at this time. The monks may then unwind a small length of thread that is held between the hands of the assembled monks. They begin a series of recitations of Pali scriptures intended to bring merit and blessings to the new couple. The string terminates with the lead monk, who may connect it to a container of water that will be "sanctified" for the ceremony.


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Merit is said to travel through the string and be conveyed to the water. A similar arrangement is used to transfer merit to the dead at a funeral, further evidence of the weakening of the taboo on mixing funerary imagery and trappings with marriage ceremonies. Blessed water may be mixed with wax drippings from a candle lit before the Buddha image and other unguents and herbs to create a paste that is then applied to the foreheads of the bride and groom to create a small dot, similar to the marking made with red ochre on Hindu devotees.

The bride's mark is created with the butt end of the candle rather than the monk's thumb, in keeping with the Vinaya prohibition against touching women. The highest-ranking monk present may elect to say a few words to the couple, offering advice or encouragement. The couple may then make offerings of food to the monks, at which point the Buddhist portion of the ceremony is concluded.

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It roughly translates to "bride price". Bride prices of 50, to , baht have been documented, but bride prices can sometimes run into the tens of millions of baht. Whether the practice of sin sot is a tradition or a scam has been debated by critics. One observed, "All that talk of face and argument for cherished tradition? It's a thinly veiled con. Behind that gobbledygook, it's the same old forces of the material world and about the parents getting enough cash to buy a new pickup, pay outstanding debts or acquire something to elevate their status.

Thailand outlawed marital rape in Thai of Chinese origin are mix styles, they also assembled monks, groom ceremony entrance, while other is Chinese marriage but more simply. The religious component of marriage ceremonies between Thai Muslims are markedly different from that described above. All the women, including the bride, sit in a separate room and do not have any direct participation in the ceremony. The secular component of the ceremony, however, is often nearly identical to the secular part of Thai Buddhist wedding ceremonies. Thai Muslims frequently, though not always, also follow the conventions of the Thai dowry system.

Traditionally, funerals last for at least one week. Crying is discouraged during the funeral, so as not to worry the spirit of the deceased. Many activities surrounding the funeral are intended to make merit for the deceased. Copies of Buddhist scriptures may be printed and distributed in the name of the deceased, and gifts are usually given to a local temple. Monks are invited to chant prayers that are intended to provide merit for the deceased, as well as to provide protection against the possibility of the dead relative returning as a malicious spirit.

Often, a thread is connected to the corpse or coffin which is held by the chanting monks during their recitation; this thread is intended to transfer the merit of the monks' recitation to the deceased. The corpse is cremated , and the urn with the ash is usually kept in a chedi in the local temple. Thai Chinese and Thai Muslim minorities bury their deceased according to the rituals of their respective communities.

Funeral services are not restricted to humans. Funerals for pets, sometimes lavish, are not uncommon, particularly in Bangkok. One company that specializes in pet funerals cremates up to animals per month. The owner says that, "Bangkok is an extremely religious city Most of our customers realise that their pets can't gain enough merit on their own in this life, so it is up to them to do for them. Funerals are an obvious choice. Twice a day, at and again at , the national anthem is played by all Thai media outlets. Thais stop what they are doing and stand at attention to pay homage to the flag during the anthem.

Students in school stand in front of the raised flag and sing the national anthem at every school day.